ہفتہ , 31 اکتوبر 2020
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History of Chichawatni City

Arshad Farooq Butt

Chichawatni was once situated on the bank of the Ravi which changed its course with the passage of time and shifted several miles away from this town. It was known as Chichawatni after the name of an elderly person – CHICHA – whose descendants established this settlement and named it after him as
the residence of ‘Chicha’.

He was in fact a Sandhu Jatt of a village in Amritsar district of Punjab. His son, Natha Sarpanch, and other members of his family turned Sikhs in the early decades of 18th century. A son of Natha Sarpanch, Sewa Singh, came to this place and founded Chichawatni. And it was he who gave this name to the new settlement as ‘Chich di Watni’, which later became Chichawatni. It now lies in Sahiwal district of West Punjab in Pakistan. (Dr Sewak)

Some historians say, the name was given by Maharaja Dahir. Since the name was given 3 centuries ago, no one is present to testify why this city is called Chichawatni and whom Chichawatni is on the name of.

Chichawatni city is a tehsil of sahiwal district and is located about 43km from sahwail at multan bypass road. History of Chichawatni refers back to the Sher Shah Suri. After division of India many families of the Hindus and Sikhs left Chichawatni and migrated to Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Amritsar. So it is very difficult to collect exact information.

Chichawatni postal code is 57200 and chichawatni map shows it as a small city having a number of villages. Chichawatni to Multan distance is about 132.8 km and Harappa, a historical place, is about 23.9 km from Chichawatni. Lahore to Chichawatni travel is about 214 km and it takes 3 hours drive. Chichawatni weather is extremely hot in summer and usually it goes up to 46 degree centigrade. It’s big stations are Kassowal, Iqbal Nagar, Farid Nagar (90 Morr), Okanwala Bangla, Gaziabad and Harappa.

Chichawatni tehsil is famous for its second largest jungle (chichawatni forest) after Changa Manga. Chichawatni Jungle, (Chichawatni forest), was planted by the prisoners of the central jail in 19th century. There used to be a central jail in Chichawatni near kotla adeeb shahid forest.

Rai Murtaza Iqbal is the present Chichawatni MNA and he belongs to Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf (PTI). He defeated his PMLN rivals Ch Tufail Jutt and Ch Hanif Jutt with the heavy lead of 26000 votes in chichawatni election 2018.
There are 3 provincial assembly constituencies in the city

PP200, PP201 and PP202

There is only one National assembly seat named NA-149 in Chichawatni. PMLN could only win one provincial seat in 2018 election from this city and that was in PP200.

Other renowned Chichawatni politicians are ch munir azhar prior mna, Ch Zahid Iqbal, Rai Hassan Nawaz, Ch Saeed Ahmad Gujjar, Malik Nauman Ahmad Langrial, Ch Arshad Jutt, Ali Javed, Rana Riaz Ahmad, Ch Waheed Asghar Dogar and Rai Azizullah.

In Chichawatni Rahmani, Rajput, Jatt , Arain , Butt, Sheikh , Malik , Ansari , Khokhar and other castes live with harmony.

Government Degree College Chichawatni was established in 1967 with the efforts of Sheikh Zaman, the father of Begum Shahnaz Javed.

Government M.C Model High School Chichawatni was established in 1916. DPS Chichawatni is the best private educational institure in Chichawatni. There are several other old institutions i.e. Punjab Group of Colleges, The Educators, Mission High School, Allama Iqbal College and the Dawn High School. Many Sikh temples are now working as primary and secondary schools in Chichawatni. Government Crescent College Chichawatni was also established with the efforts of Sheikh Zaman family and they paid for its land.

Chichawatni railway station was established in 1918. It was expanded with the passage of time. Especially in 2007 its new building was built.

There are some interesting historical references about Chichawatni. Its major colony Gaoshala was a grassland for the cows before the division of Hindustan. Gao means “the cow”. Shala is called to any place. So the Gaoshala means the place where the cows graze.

Halqa Arbab e Zauq Chichawatni is a famous literary society of Chichawatni which holds its meeting on every sunday atGovernment M.C Model High School Chichawatni.

Taj Mahal Chichawatni, greenland hotel chichawatni, Fresco Hotel Chichawatni and Gujjar hotel are its famous food points.

Chichawatni Buffalo Mandi (also known as Chichawatni Cattle mandi or Chichawatni cow mandi) is the second largest cattle market in Pakistan. Since 2014 it is given to the chichawatni cattle market management company. It is now become model mandi in gaushala chichawatni at chichawatni bypass.

For the latest chichawatni news you can visit local websites. One of them is SAHIWAL NEWS in which you are reading this article. There is a documentary program in this website named Chichawatni Zero Km in which the history of chichawatni and its problems are covered.

There are a lot of historical buildings in Chichawatni. One of them is ‘Marri Building” which was the home of a Sikh family. Here is a complete documentary program about it. Other historical buildings will be soon included in this article.
Chichawatni by election 2018 : Rai Murtaza Iqbal vacaned the MPA seat as he could only keep either MNA or MPA seat. So he decided to keep MNA seat and took oath.

His vacaned MPA seat in PP 201 became a battle field between two political families i.e Ch Tufail Jutt vs Samsam Bukhari. Chichawatni by election held on Oct 14 and Syed Samsam Bukhari won the seat.

THQ Hospital Chichawatni

Tehsil Head Quarters Hospital Chichawatni is located near 45 Adda, Okanawala Road, Chichawatni. It’s old building is now TMA Chichawatni. It is upgraded yet lack of facilities and the staff is a common complaint.

Keep visiting this article as we’ll keep updating it with more and more information about Chichawatni. Visit and subscribe our youtube channel for the latest videos from chichawatni and sahiwal.

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